How long did Rochester Castle take to build?
The great keep of Rochester was built in 1127, but even after almost 900 years, two sieges and centuries of post-medieval abuse and disuse, it remains a very imposing building. The castle has actually been besieged three times, the first occasion, in 1088, before work had begun on the keep.
Why was Rochester Castle so important in medieval times?
Situated on the River Medway and Watling Street, Rochester served as a strategically important royal castle. During the late medieval period it helped protect England’s south-east coast from invasion.
What is Rochester known for?
Rochester, known as The Flower City and The World’s Image Center, is the third-largest city in the state of New York, after New York City and Buffalo.
What happened at Rochester Castle?
The Siege of 1215 1199–1216) laid siege to Rochester Castle in a bid to retake it from rebels. Having broken Rochester Bridge and captured the castle bailey, the royal army used siege engines to bombard the rebels inside the keep with stones, while miners attacked the building’s south-east turret.
Who was the Bishop of Rochester who built the castle?
Built to command an important river crossing, the castle built in stone by Gundulf, Bishop of Rochester, in the 1080s was one of the earliest such buildings in England.
Where was Rochester Castle in the First Barons War?
First Barons’ War. 1215-1217. Rochester Castle stands on the east bank of the River Medway in Rochester, Kent, South East England. The 12th-century keep or stone tower, which is the castle’s most prominent feature, is one of the best preserved in England or France.
How much did it cost to build Rochester Castle?
It was built on the current location of the castle The castle that Bishop Gundulf built cost about £60, which is the equivalent of over £120,000 today while keeping inflation in mind. The castle was built adjacent to Rochester Cathedral, which was also owned by the Bishop of Rochester.
What is Rochester Castle famous for?
Rochester Castle stands on the east bank of the River Medway in Rochester, Kent, South East England. The 12th-century keep or stone tower, which is the castle’s most prominent feature, is one of the best preserved in England or France.
Why was Rochester Castle so important to both the rebels and King John?
In 1215, King John recognized the strategic significance of Rochester Castle. It helped protect London, and indeed England, from attack from continental Europe. However, John didn’t own the castle himself (the feudal nature of England placed it in the hands of local barons).