Where did William build a motte-and-bailey castle when he landed?
The first motte-and-bailey castle was built at Vincy, Northern France, in 979. Over the following decades the Dukes of Anjou popularised the design. William the Conqueror (then the Duke of Normandy), observing their success in neighbouring Anjou, began to build them on his Norman lands.
When did the Normans start building motte and bailey castles?
In the late-12th century, the Normans invaded southern Italy and Sicily; although they had the technology to build more modern designs, in many cases wooden motte-and-bailey castles were built instead for reasons of speed.
What were Motte and Bailey castles made of?
What were motte and bailey castles made of?
Motte and bailey castles were made of wood. Wooden castles were quick to build and repair, but they were easy to attack and burn down. Stone castles were stronger and did not rot like wood, but they were expensive and took many years to build.
What kind of Castle was Hinckley Castle built on?
Hinckley Castle was a Motte and Bailey design, a type of castle first built by the Normans. The Motte was a steep-sided artificial mound, built in much the same way as a sand-castles are built. The Bailey was a court-yard at the foot of the mound, surrounded by a bank and ditch.
What was the yard of a bailey castle called?
The yard was surrounded by a wooden fence called a palisade and then a ditch. The bailey was the center of domestic life within the castle and could contain a variety of buildings, including halls, kitchens, stores, stables, a chapel, barracks, and workshops.
Which is better a motte or bailey castle?
Clay rich soil would allow the motte to be built with a steeper incline, making assaults harder for attackers, whereas sandy soil was less stable and would require a motte with a shallower incline. Similarly, the broader the ditch at the base of the motte, the steeper its sides could be, and the greater its defensive effectiveness was.
Why were Motte and Bailey castles built everywhere?
Building motte and bailey castles were an effective way of securing towns that had submitted to his power. Although the wooden structure was much more vulnerable to damage than a stone structure, a motte and bailey castle could be built quickly until the Normans had the time to build more permanent stone structures.
Where were Motte and Bailey castles built?
Motte and bailey castles appeared in England after the Norman Conquest of 1066. Motte and bailey castles were a common feature in England by the death of William the Conqueror in 1087. Their construction was the start of what was to become a massive castle building programme in England and Wales.