Where did the Lord live in a motte-and-bailey castle?
Life in the Norman Motte and Bailey Castles depended on the rank of the people who inhabited the castle. The Lord of the Castle and possibly his family would live in the most protected part of the castle – the Tower or the Keep.
Where can I see a Motte and Bailey castle?
Although the motte-and-bailey design is a particularly northern European phenomenon (most castles of this type can be found in Normandy and Britain), we can also see such structures in other parts of Europe, such as Denmark, Germany, Southern Italy and occasionally beyond.
What was the purpose of Motte and Bailey castles?
Motte and bailey castles were a form of castle structure that enabled the new Norman conquerors of England and Wales to secure areas of land quickly and cheaply. The Normans needed a castle design they could erect quickly to subdue the vanquished Britons.
Where did William built castles?
William had built a temporary castle at Pevensey to house his troops when they landed in September 1066. This would have been a motte and bailey castle. These types of castles were quickly put up all over England after the Battle of Hastings to enforce Norman control.
How was an arrow made in the motte and bailey castle?
The arrow could have been crudely assembled with a strip of material soaked in pitch, oil or resin wrapped around the shaft. More sophisticated arrowheads were designed with metal cages for coal, wood shavings, cloth or similar materials soaked in oil, which were then lit and fired.
Which is better a ringwork castle or a motte and bailey castle?
Although motte-and-bailey castles are the best known castle design, they were not always the most numerous in any given area. A popular alternative was the ringwork castle, involving a palisade being built on top of a raised earth rampart, protected by a ditch.
How long does it take to build a motte and bailey castle?
The motte and bailey castle at Dover took just eight days to build – according to William of Poitiers who was William’s chaplain. Was such a feat possible? Building castles then was very labour intensive.
How long did it take William of Poitiers to build motte and bailey?
Here he built his third English castle after Pevensey and Hastings. The motte and bailey castle at Dover took just eight days to build – according to William of Poitiers who was William’s chaplain. Was such a feat possible? Building castles then was very labour intensive.
How often did the Normans build motte and bailey castles?
No-one is quite sure how many motte and bailey castles were built in England by the Normans. However, by counting the number of mottes that exist in England, archaeologists believe that the Normans built around 500 – one every two weeks between 1066 and 1086. They were used to keep the Saxons tamed.
What were the problems with Motte and Bailey castles?
The major weakness of the motte and bailey castle was the likelihood of the keep rotting or burning down. The solution was to build stone keeps but these could not always be built on the same site since the weight of the stone would sink into the motte.
Where were the castles built?
Castles were often built at the top of hills or where they could use some natural features of the land to help with their defense.
Where were Motte and Bailey castles built in Ireland?
Built around 1199 by Norman knight Richard de Tuite as part of an initiative to extend Norman control over the country, Granard Motte and Bailey was erected upon and within a pre-existing ring fort (or rath) which may have belonged to a local branch of the Farrell clan.