What does Motte and Bailey stand for?
In 2005, Shackel described the reference to medieval castle defense like this: A Motte and Bailey castle is a medieval system of defence in which a stone tower on a mound (the Motte) is surrounded by an area of land (the Bailey) which in turn is encompassed by some sort of a barrier such as a ditch.
Where can I see a motte and bailey castle?
Although the motte-and-bailey design is a particularly northern European phenomenon (most castles of this type can be found in Normandy and Britain), we can also see such structures in other parts of Europe, such as Denmark, Germany, Southern Italy and occasionally beyond.
Who lives in a motte and bailey castle?
At the bottom of the motte was the bailey. The bailey varied in size from one to three acres. Inside the bailey, lived the followers of the Lord who ran the castle. There were many buildings inside the bailey including stables, storehouses, bakeries, kitchens, houses, and quarters for soldiers.
What is the most famous Motte and Bailey castle?
- Bickleigh Castle – Devon, England.
- Bramber Castle – West Sussex, England.
- Brecon Castle – Powys, Wales.
- Clare Castle – Suffolk.
- Clitheroe Castle – Lincs.
- Clun Castle – Salop.
- Coity Castle – Mid Glamorgan, Wales.
- Corfe Castle – Dorset (Original Anglo Saxon wooden tower built on a natural mound)
How many man days did it take to build the motte and bailey?
The largest mottes in England, such as Thetford, are estimated to have required up to 24,000 man-days of work; smaller ones required perhaps as little as 1,000.
Is the motte and bailey tactic dishonest?
The motte and bailey tactic is dishonest. It advertises one thing that is easy to convince people to support (motte), but really contains much more that is harder to convince people to support (bailey).
What do you need for a motte and bailey castle?
Which is better a ringwork castle or a motte and bailey castle?
Although motte-and-bailey castles are the best known castle design, they were not always the most numerous in any given area. A popular alternative was the ringwork castle, involving a palisade being built on top of a raised earth rampart, protected by a ditch.
What was the Bailey in a motte and bailey castle?
The bailey was an enclosed courtyard overlooked by the motte and surrounded by a wooden fence called a palisade and another ditch. The bailey was often kidney-shaped to fit against a circular motte, but could be made in other shapes according to the terrain.
What do you need for a Motte and Bailey castle?
Most motte and bailey castles had a circular wall made from sturdy tree trunks called a palisade. The easiest way to replicate this is to stick together rows of small wooden sticks (like popsicle sticks, coffee stirrers, or even dry twigs from outdoors). Tape or glue each piece of the wall in place carefully.
What were Motte and Bailey castles mostly made from?
Motte and bailey castles were made of wood. Wooden castles were quick to build and repair, but they were easy to attack and burn down. Stone castles were stronger and did not rot like wood, but they were expensive and took many years to build.
What were Motte and Bailey castles used for?
Motte and bailey castles were a form of castle structure that enabled the new Norman conquerors of England and Wales to secure areas of land quickly and cheaply. The Normans needed a castle design they could erect quickly to subdue the vanquished Britons.