Why did castles change from wood to stone?
The wooden defences of motte and bailey castles were replaced by walls and towers of stone. Stone is more durable and resistant than wood and so it became the preferred building materials for castles. Stone castles were built taller and gave better protection against attack, fire and cold rainy weather.
Who was the first Norman king to build a castle?
Many Stone Keep Castles were actually built by William the Conqueror, the first Norman King of England who won the Battle of Hastings in 1066. What Does A Stone Keep Castle Consist Of? The Stone Keep was a central feature of the castle, a stone tower built on the highest point.
What are the disadvantages of using wood in outdoor applications?
Wood used in outdoor applications can often discolor. One of the greatest disadvantages of wood is that a variety of pests are attracted to– and can destroy– wood. Termites, carpenter bees, carpenter ants, powderpost beetles and wood-devouring fungi are all common wood-destroying pests.
What are the advantages and disadvantages of wooden castles?
The wood rotted easily Advantage (wooden castles) Wooden castles were built on top of a motte and the soldiers could see the enemy coming. Disadvantage (Wooden Castles) The word could burn down when under Siege Advantage (stone castles) Strong thick walls to keep enemies out Disadvantage (stone castles) Takes a long time to build
What do you need to know about stone keep castles?
Gatehouse with Drawbridge – the entrance to the castle which would have been guarded. The drawbridge would have been the only way to enter the castle when it was lowered over the moat. Moat – a ditch surrounding the castle and its walls, filled with water which made it more difficult to enter.
Did Barons live in castles?
Depending on their status and the amount of land they held, some barons controlled several large castles. If a baron could not afford to build a massive stone castle, he may have had enough wealth to build a smaller fortified manor house.
What was a weakness of wooden motte and bailey castles?
The major weakness of the motte and bailey castle was the likelihood of the keep rotting or burning down. The solution was to build stone keeps but these could not always be built on the same site since the weight of the stone would sink into the motte.