What is the plant life in Africa?
Natural vegetation in South Africa varies from savanna through grassland with fewer trees to scrub and scattered bush and drier western areas. Because of dry summers Western Cape has a distinct vegetation of grasses, shrubs, and trees. The eastern coast has a more tropical plant life.
Are there alot of animals in Africa?
Lying almost entirely within the tropics, and equally to north and south of the equator creates favourable conditions for rich wildlife. Africa is home to many of the world’s most famous fauna in human culture such as lions‚ rhinos‚ cheetahs‚ giraffes‚ hippos, leopards, zebras‚ and African elephants among many others.
How tall is Africa?
The average elevation of the continent approximates closely to 600 m (2,000 ft) above sea level, roughly near to the mean elevation of both North and South America, but considerably less than that of Asia, 950 m (3,120 ft).
How many plant species are in Africa?
45,000 plant species
Africa includes approximately 45,000 plant species in 29 million km2 (Klopper et al., 2007), compared to c. 90,000 in 17.84 million km2 in South America and c. 42,000 species in 3 million km2 in Malesia (Davis, 1995). Furthermore, this diversity is distributed very unevenly across the continent (Figure 1).
What kind of trees are native to Africa?
Native to Ethiopia and Yemen, coffee (Coffea arabica) grows from a flowering scrub that produces the coffee berries or beans. Babul acacia (Acacia nilotica L.), a tropical flowering and fruiting evergreen tree that grows to 25 meters tall, has a deep rooting system and is easily propagated by seed.
How many flowering plants are native to Africa?
It is home to around 10 percent of all the flowering plant species that are known, of which around 80 percent are native to the country.
Which race is the tallest?
The Nilotic peoples of Sudan such as the Shilluk and Dinka have been described as some of the tallest in the world. Dinka Ruweng males investigated by Roberts in 1953–54 were on average 181.3 centimetres (5 ft 111⁄2 in) tall, and Shilluk males averaged 182.6 centimetres (6 ft 0 in).
What kind of flowers are found in South Africa?
Protea cynaroides is an African flowering plant belonging to the family Proteaceae and order Proteales. It is found in the southern and southwestern parts of South Africa. It was named after the Greek God Proteus, the god who changes shape at his own will, as the flowers are found in various shapes.
What kind of plants grow in African gardens?
A List of African Plants 1 Babiana Pygmaea. 2 Orchid. Orchids grow in many p 3 Aloes. Aloes are a succulent w 4 Baobab. Commonly found on the …
What grows naturally in Africa?
Protein-rich legumes—such as beans, cowpeas, and soybeans—are produced widely throughout Africa, generally in combination with other crops. Such crops are typically grown in garden plots tended by families. Among the most important fruits raised in Africa are dates, figs, olives, bananas, and pineapples.
What are the plants and animals in Africa?
What Animals Live In Africa?
- Giraffe. The giraffe is the world’s tallest animal, and well known for its long legs and neck.
- Hippopotamus. After the elephant and the rhino, the hippopotamus is the world’s third largest land mammal.
- African Elephants.
- Western Green Mamba.
- White Rhinoceros.
What types of plants are in Africa?
Notable African Savanna Plants
- Acacia Tree. One of the rare trees to thrive in the savanna, the acacia is one of the most iconic sights in the grasslands.
- Baobab Tree. Another iconic sight on the savanna is the baobab tree.
- Candelabra Tree.
- Elephant Grass.
- Jackal Berry Tree.
- Whistling Thorn.