Why was the ZANJ rebellion significant?
During the Abbasid Caliphate in ninth century southern Iraq, the Zanj Rebellion lasted for nearly 15 years, and was the greatest protest movement by African slaves in the Islamic world. The Zanj were used for manual labor in the salt marshes of Basra.
What was the cause of the Zanj Rebellion?
Zanj rebellion. Zanj rebellion, ( ad 869–883), a black-slave revolt against the ʿAbbāsid caliphal empire. A number of Basran landowners had brought several thousand East African blacks (Zanj) into southern Iraq to drain the salt marshes east of Basra. The landowners subjected the Zanj, who generally spoke no Arabic,…
How many people died in the ZANJ rebellion?
Al-Suli gave a figure of 1,500,000 dead, which was subsequently quoted by multiple sources, while Ibn al-Taqtaqi provided a high-end number of 2,500,000.
What was the land of the Zenji?
WHAT WAS THE LAND OF ZENJ/AZANIA? (10 MARKS) The land of zenj referred to the stretch of land between Mogadishu and Cape Delgado. It was approximately 3000 kilometers long. It also stretched 10 miles into the interior of east Africa.
What happened during the ZANJ rebellion?
Zanj rebellion, (ad 869–883), a black-slave revolt against the ʿAbbāsid caliphal empire. In October 869 they defeated a Basran force, and soon afterward a Zanj capital, al-Mukhtārah (Arabic: the Chosen), was built on an inaccessible dry spot in the salt flats, surrounded by canals. …
Where did the slaves of the Zanj come from?
The Zanj were for centuries shipped as slaves by Arab traders to all the countries bordering the Indian Ocean. (Citation needed)The Umayyad and Abbasid caliphs recruited many Zanj slaves as soldiers and, as early as 696 AD, we learn of slave revolts of the Zanj against their Arab masters in Iraq (see below).
What is the meaning of the word Zanj?
definition – Zanj. phrases. Zanj. Zanj (Arabic: زنج, “Land of the Blacks” or “Land of the Negroes”) was a name used by medieval Arab geographers to refer to both a certain portion of the coast of East Africa and its inhabitants, Bantu-speaking peoples called the Zanj.
What was Zenji empire?
The Zanj Empire was a 19th-century political formation established by the Omani sultanate on the Swahili Coast. Known for its slave-trading activities in conjunction with the local Swahili people, at its peak the polity’s reach stretched as far as Eastern Congo.
Who was the founder of Zenji empire?
Zenji means blacks People. Zenji empire means land of black people • Its headquarters were at Kilwa. The trading centre was at Zambia but Malindi, Sofala, Mombasa, were also important trading points. This empire was founded by an Arab trader named Hassan Bin Ali in the 10th century.
Where did the ZANJ rebellion take place?
A remarkable episode of Medieval Islamic history that often goes untold. The Zanj rebellion of Black slaves, which took place in lower Iraq from 868 to 883 CE, is one of the remarkable episodes of Medieval Islamic history that often goes untold.
When did the ZANJ rebellion take place?
869 AD – 883 AD
Why did the Zanj come to Basra?
A number of Basran landowners had brought several thousand East African blacks (Zanj) into southern Iraq to drain the salt marshes east of Basra. The landowners subjected the Zanj, who generally spoke no Arabic, to heavy slave labour and provided them with only minimal subsistence.
Why did the Arabs call the East African coast Zenji empire?
1. The Zenji Empire/Azania. – The Arabs and Persians regarded the coast of East Africa as “the land of the Zenj” or “the zenj Empire”, which means the “land of the blacks”. – It was inhabited by the Cushites, Bushmen and the Bantu and each of these groups had its own trade and religion.
What does the term Zanj refer to?
The word ‘Zanj’ (sometimes ‘Zinj’) is a collective noun which frequently occurs in mediaeval Arabic texts with reference to Africans. In the Caliphate, the word Zanj usually referred to slaves. In West Africa, too, the word denoted a category of serf population.